Why is bond market revolting and what can RBI do to pacify it


MUMBAI: India’s authorities securities market is in open revolt in opposition to the central financial institution, thanks to the federal government’s higher-than-expected borrowing plans for the present monetary 12 months and additionally the following.

As the debt supervisor of the federal government, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has promised to guarantee a easy borrowing programme and to hold borrowing prices as little as doable. Officials within the authorities are satisfied the central financial institution shall be in a position to assist it borrow gargantuan sums at lower than 6 per cent.

Bond merchants suppose in any other case. They at the moment are in open revolt in opposition to the central financial institution, leaving everybody to query if the apex financial institution has sufficient instruments to quell this unrest. “To convince the market about its credibility and to manage the huge bond supply that we are likely to see in the year ahead, it is going to be a very-very tricky task for RBI,” Rajni Thakur, Chief Economist at RBL Bank, instructed ETMarkets.com in an interview.

The Centre plans to borrow over Rs 12 lakh crore from the bond market in 2021-22, which is considerably increased than what the market was ready for. Seen within the context of rising inflation fears, spike in commodity costs and the surge in world bond yields, bond sellers are rightfully anticipating the federal government to pay extra for dumping such a big quantity on their heads.

So what can the central financial institution do at a time when auctions for presidency securities are failing each week due to the market’s demand for increased yields?

Thakur expects RBI to use its communication channels to soothe the frayed nerves. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das believes the identical, as he instructed reporters after the most recent financial coverage assembly that “the market will slowly appreciate it”. In the meantime, RBI has had to resort to measures like tweaking bond public sale strategies and oblique interventions within the bond market in an effort to hold yields beneath the lid.

“For RBI, it is a difficult position. At the short end of the yield curve, you want to push the rates up so that risk is priced in correctly. On the long end of the curve, you want to suppress the rates down, so that government borrowing costs are kept low,” Thakur mentioned.

Thakur doesn’t anticipate the storm to subside within the first half of subsequent monetary 12 months, and believes tangible indicators of sustained financial development might maybe come to assistance from the central financial institution, as rising tax buoyancy could ultimately cut back the federal government’s want to borrow massive quantities.

A Delhi School of Economics alumni, Thakur expects the 10-year benchmark bond yield to hover round 5.9-6.2 per cent within the first half of the following monetary 12 months, and them settle down to the 5.9-6.0 vary, which is the popular fee band of RBI, as indicators of affordable GDP development turn out to be extra distinguished.


As the economic system exhibits tangible indicators of returning to the expansion path after its worst two quarters in many years, there’s a lot debate about when the time could also be applicable for the central financial institution to withdraw its serving to hand and deliver normalcy to its coverage.

RBI itself has projected actual GDP to develop 26.2-8.3 per cent within the first half of the following monetary 12 months and by 6 per cent within the December quarter. However, with inflation expectations additionally rising, central financial institution watchers are apprehensive that the apex financial institution could have to change its coverage stance before later.

For the market individuals, who’re making an attempt to pre-empt the central financial institution’s reversal of coverage stance and liquidity, the RBL Bank economist has a clue: “If we are back to 6% growth rate, which is materially higher than the pre-Covid growth rate, that would be the time to probably change from an ‘accommodative’ to ‘neutral’ stance, at least for the central bank to get comfortable with the growth path.”

She mentioned whereas RBI is probably not in a temper to minimize rates of interest any extra, a fee hike is out of the query until the Monetary Policy Committee is abundantly snug in regards to the sustenance of development restoration.


Thakur says early indicators of therapeutic within the job market and a pickup within the casual economic system are offering causes for a lot optimism. “If this stays on track, I think we will fundamentally be on a high growth trajectory by September quarter of FY22,” she mentioned.

A current survey by Xpheno discovered that company sector is trying to improve recruitment as job vacancies surged 50 per cent in January over December as enterprise house owners turn out to be more and more assured of the post-COVID restoration.

For India’s development path to shift materially increased, Thakur suggests the restoration within the capital expenditure cycle is crucial and erratic authorities expenditure to this point has not helped the trigger. “There has to be a consistent pickup in government expenditure, which looks like the intention behind the Budget announcement, but that is yet to show on the ground. If that continues and the private capex cycle improves, then post-Covid potential growth rate could hit back to a 7 per cent level.”

In the absence of a restoration in capital expenditure, the economic system’s long-term development trajectory could return to the mediocre 5-6 per cent degree, Thakur mentioned.

This feed is robotically revealed through economictimes.indiatimes.com